In the Bevo Area, South City in St. Louis, a Bosnian community in search of its own post-Yugoslav identity has unintentionally contributed to this city’s renewal. St. Louis is the second largest city in the US State of Missouri and has an estimated population of over 350,000 and is the principal municipality of Greater St. Louis, population 2,800,000, the largest urban area in Missouri, the fourth largest urban area in the Midwest, and the fifteenth largest in the United States.1 Like every other US city, St. Louis was formed by migration, especially in the late nineteenth and twentieth centuries by immigrants from Germany, Ireland and Italy. They helped to shape the cuisine, religious expression, music and architecture of the city.2 In 1993 a new big wave of immigration from Europe began. These immigrants were war refugees from Bosnia and Herzegovina, who almost immediately started reshaping the city by creating better living conditions for themselves. Continue Reading →
Fifteen years after the end of the war, Bosnia and Herzegovina is still a country in transition. Corrupt and politically unstable, it is affected by the politics of former war enemies. A country bordering the EU, Bosnia is making an effort to stabilize politically and economically in order to join the EU. As a member of the Stability Pact for South Eastern Europe, the country is taking part in the stabilization of the region, working together with the EU and other Balkan countries where Stabilization and Association Agreements (SAA)1 are being made. Regulated and thought out migration policies and legislation on migration issues are only fragmentary and are determined by these agreements. The country continues to work on regulating its own political system, transitioning from the former communist system and recovering from the consequences of the war in the 1990s. At the same time, it borders the EU and is therefore forced to deal with the migration policies of EU. Continue Reading →
The area around the Bevo Mill in the South City of St. Louis is a part of the city that has been changed and ›renewed‹ in the last two decades by immigrants from Bosnia and Herzegovina in particular. The first immigrants from Bosnia and Herzegovina came in 1993. The International Organization for Migration (IOM) organized and managed the immigration of 13 families (Matsuo 2004). Continue Reading →
At the border between the sixteenth and seventeenth Viennese districts on Ottakringer Straße, migrants from the former Yugoslavia have created a lively area with cafes and other places to go out that has a Mediterranean flair. While former commercial streets have gone to rack and ruin and empty shops have become a common sight in streets in Vienna and across Europe, the exact opposite is the case on Ottakringer Straße. Small, medium and large businesses run mostly by migrants supply residents during the day. In the evening, this street is transformed into an area where the second and third generations—young people whose parents and grandparents were working migrants and war refugees in the 1990s—go out.