»… concepts such as transnationalism—and transnational spaces, fields and formations— refer to process that transcend international borders and therefore appear to describe more abstract phenomena in a social science language. By transnational space we mean relatively stable, lasting and dense sets of ties reaching beyond and across borders of sovereign states«

Bauböck/Faist 2010: 13

››The ›paradox of rigid motion‹ was already created within the Gastarbeitersystem. The fiction that the workers would return someday was kept alive in all countries of immigration for a long time by both sides, by the state and by the migrants. This created a population that lived here and there, which was both present and absent. Under these difficult conditions the migrants created something new: they spanned their own territory, a networked, transnational space.‹‹

Holert/Terkessidis, 2006:46


Beside their unique historical development, there are other similarities between urban quarters in St. Louis, Sarajevo and Vienna. One of the most important ones is the transnational identity and lifestyle of their residents that first of all assures their existential survival and additionally contributes to urban regeneration and to an improvement in quality of life for all residents. Given different opportunities, the new residents—the immigrants— can contribute to the society and thus help influence, shape and reshape it. Continue Reading →

»The role of emigrants [and immigrants] is important in a sense of defining the identity of a country, which functions as an almost imaginary picture of those who have left and as a space for struggling for survival of those who have stayed or returned«

pro.ba »Bosnia and Herzegovina—Searching for Lost Identity« 2008